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References to: Paul Kroll

Soul and Spirit in Scripture

Christians sometimes wonder about the difference between the "soul" and the "spirit." When discussing the "soul," they wonder if it is immortal – or what happens to the "soul" when a person dies.

In order to answer these questions, we must have some basis or frame of reference for our discussion. There are many ideas about what the "soul" or "spirit" might be, but these are often simply based on feelings and speculation. A general and open-ended discussion on these concepts can bog down into a clash of uninformed opinions.

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Does Mark 2:27-28 Command Christians to Observe the Weekly Sabbath?

Let us begin by quoting Mark 2:27-28. Jesus was speaking to the Pharisees: “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

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Matthew 24:20 - Why Pray Not To Flee on the Sabbath?

What did Jesus mean:

"Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath" (Matthew 24:20)?

If Sabbath observance was not a concern for Christians when Matthew wrote his Gospel, why did he mention Jesus’ words about fleeing on the Sabbath? Some people claim that this implies that Christians ought to keep the Sabbath rest. Is this true?

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Maundy Thursday and “Holy Week”

The calendar or weekly bulletin published by your local congregation might have said the following for Thursday, April 5, 2012:  

Maundy Thursday: This evening we will have a Communion service with optional footwashing. Services will begin at 7:00 p.m. Please bring your own towel and water pan. This is our annual commemoration of the Last Supper that Jesus Christ had with his disciples. In this service, we along with Christians everywhere remember the meaning of Jesus’ love and his death for our sins.

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Is Birthday Celebration a Sin?

Birthday observance as a doctrine is not discussed in the Bible. In short, birthdays are not condemned in Scripture as being sinful. However, some claim there is indirect evidence that birthdays should not be observed by Christians. Let's examine these claims.

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What Do You Mean. . ."Jesus Is God"?

Jesus Christ is the second Person of the Godhead, sent by the Father as Jesus Christ to be God revealed in the flesh for our salvation. Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary, fully God and fully human, two natures in one Person.

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Is the Cross a Pagan Symbol?

You wondered if the word "cross" or any items representing a cross should be used by Christians. Some people believe that since a cross symbol was used in some pagan religions, Jesus could not possibly have been crucified on a cross. They believe Jesus was crucified on a simple upright stake.

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Satan: God’s Defeated Adversary

SatanThere are two unfortunate trends in the Western world today regarding Satan the devil, who is mentioned in the New Testament as an unrelenting adversary and enemy of God and humanity. Most people are unaware or discount the devil’s role in creating chaos, suffering and evil. For many people, the idea of a real devil is just a remnant of ancient superstition or, at best, a metaphor representing evil in the world.

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The Controversy About Using "Sacred Names" for God

Now and then, people will encounter a "sacred names" group that insists that it is essential to call God and Jesus only by their Hebrew names. Must God only be addressed by a specific Hebrew name? Should we avoid the name "Jesus" for Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior?

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The Holy Spirit Is the Personal Presence of God Himself

Christians believe in one God whose being is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. We do not worship an undifferentiated, monad God, and we do not worship three Gods or Beings. Rather, we worship the one God who is eternally triune within himself in three eternal and co-equal Persons.1 Each of the three Persons is distinct from the other two persons of the Godhead, and each is God of God, but there are not three Gods, but only one Being called God whom Christians worship.

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