References to: Tim Finlay and Jim Herst
Partial conquest: Judges 1
After Joshua’s death, the Israelites asked God, “Who will be the first to go up and fight for us against the Canaanites?” (verse 1). God chose Judah to do battle and promised, “I have given the land into their hands” (verse 2). Judah may have shown a lack of faith by relying on Simeon for additional support (verse 3).
Our illustration highlights the bravery of the shepherd boy, David, who with a single slingshot defeated the heavily armed giant, Goliath. With its ground-level "camera angle" — taken from behind the Philistine warrior — this illustration presents a dramatic study in contrasts.
What’s in a name?
The name Deuteronomy comes from the Septuagint title Deuteronomion, which means “second law.” The title is apt, since Deuteronomy is a second telling of the law. Much of what it says repeats what is said in the previous four books.
Organization for Worship: Chapters 1-10:10
Moses numbers the tribes: chapters 1–2
One month after setting up the tabernacle, Moses and Aaron conducted a census. The purpose was to number all men over 20 who qualified for military service. God exempted the Levites because of their religious obligations to the community. The camp was arranged around the tabernacle, showing that the worship of God was central to the nation’s existence. In the New Testament era, members would be placed in the body, with Christ as the head (1 Corinthians 12).
God instituted a financial system in Israel that enabled the Levitical priesthood to perform its religious functions. This system also made it possible for the Israelites to attend God’s festivals, and provided for the needs of the widows, orphans and poor.
Outline of Deuteronomy
- Introduction (1:1-5)
- Historical prologue (1:6–4:43)
- Stipulations (4:44–26:19)
- Blessings and curses (27:1–30:20)
- Succession arrangements and public readings (31:1–34:12)
The outline of the book follows a specific pattern used for treaties in the region, which contained five main sections.