References to: women

Portrait of a Woman and Jesus

cover of the bookChristian Odyssey interviews Barbara Quillen Egbert, who recently published Portrait of a Woman and Jesus.

Christian Odyssey: Why did you write Portrait of a Woman and Jesus?

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Proverbs 31: Portrait of a Godly Woman
woman in market
The Proverbs 31 woman was the wife of a city elder (verse 23) and a respected figure in her own right (verse 31). Some of her many responsibilities included buying and selling merchandise.

By: 

Sheila Graham
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The Prominence of Women in the Gospel of Luke

Women were prominent in Luke's portrayal of Jesus' life.

Elizabeth, mother of John the Baptist:

  • Elizabeth was the mother of John the Baptist, whose work paved the way for Jesus (Luke 1:5-7).

  • After Elizabeth conceived (verse 25), her unborn baby jumped when Mary visited (verses 41-44).

  • Elizabeth said that her son's name was John (verses 57-60).

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Women of Faith

Yesterday, Now and Forever

"God is not ashamed to be called their God." This profound statement is found in Hebrews 11, the faith chapter of the Bible. Can you imagine your name being listed along with Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Joseph and Moses in God’s list of the faithful?

By: 

Sheila Graham
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Luke's Legacy to Women

Luke with a scroll"Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women" (Luke 1:28, King James Version). How many times have we heard these familiar words of the archangel Gabriel repeated, especially every year around the time of Christmas.

You may have repeated these Old English words yourself as a child, dressed in a white robe with wobbly angel wings and a lopsided halo as you portrayed Gabriel in a nativity play.

By: 

Sheila Graham
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Women in Church Leadership: Conclusion

Preface by Joseph Tkach

For a 27-minute video about our series of study papers on women, click here.

Many people can probably agree with Thomas Schreiner when he writes, "The role of women in the church is probably the most emotionally charged issue in American evangelicalism today."[1] It is being deba

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Questions About 1 Timothy 2:11-15

Preface by Joseph Tkach

The endnotes for this study are in a separate document. Click here to see that document in a new window.

For many people, 1 Timothy 2:12 is concise proof that women should not have authority in the church. Paul did not allow women to teach or have authority, they say, and neither should we.

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Women in the Early Church

Preface by Joseph Tkach

In the following paper, the doctrinal team surveys biblical evidence on the role of women in the apostolic church. We will see that in the New Testament, various women are named as having key roles within the work of the church, but few are given titles, just as few men are given titles. All this evidence is (as we expected from the start) inconclusive for our ultimate goal, which is to decide whether the Bible prohibits or allows women to be ordained as elders in the church.

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Why Were All the Apostles Male?

The all-male apostles

As the evidence in parts 1 and 2 indicates, scholars are generally agreed that Jesus treated women with respect, as people of the same spiritual significance as men. On this point, scholars who favor women's ordination are agreed with those who oppose it. There is one significant aspect of Jesus' ministry on which they do not agree, and that is the implications of the fact that Jesus chose only men to be among the Twelve. For example, James Borland writes that Jesus

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